Thigh contusion stretching

Front thigh stretches These stretching exercises are some of the most recognised and commonly used stretches and are especially important for recovering from quadriceps strains and thigh contusions. They stretch the four quadriceps muscles (vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius and rectus femoris) Deep thigh contusion is very common with athletes, as it is generally caused by a sharp impact from a muscle that is crushed against the thigh bone. Contusions on thighs are one of the hardest one to get rid of, and may develop into permanent scars if not properly treated

Thigh Stretches - For Sports Inury Rehabilitation & Preventio

  1. Static quadriceps stretch This can be performed in either standing or laying on your front. Pull the foot of the injured leg towards your buttock until you can feel a gentle stretch on the front of the thigh. To increase the stretch, tilt your hips backward
  2. Gentle, gradual, pain free stretching of the muscle will assist in restoring full range of motion in mild muscle contusion injuries. Moderate to severe contusions may require the use of crutches to ensure complete rest, particularly if full weight bearing on the affected leg is painful. Rehabilitation and return to pla
  3. A thigh contusion or muscle bruise is an injury to the soft tissue (muscle fibers, connective tissue and/or blood vessels and nerves) of the upper leg. The most commonly involved muscle is the quadriceps. The muscle contusion may be accompanied by bone contusion (bruise) or even a fracture (broken bone)
  4. Thigh Injuries Skin Superficial contusions Local treatment as you would treat any contusion Ice, rest, protection from further injury, stretching Lacerations/abrasions Local treatment, prevent infectio
  5. ation confirms an area of swelling and tenderness with (terrible) pain on passive stretch and active contraction, the diagnosis is a Quadriceps contusion with resultant hematoma

Stretch 1 thigh at a time by bending your knee and placing a foot on a bench. Find a knee-height bench or, if you're at the gym, a knee-high jump box. Bend your left knee and rest the top of your foot left on the bench. Lean your torso backwards and press your hips forward to stretch out your quadriceps Muscle Contusion (thigh). Clinics in Sports Medicine, 32(2), 317-324. Diaz, J. Fischer, D. Rettig, A. Davis, T. Shelbourne, K. (2003). If you want to know about stretching, flexibility or sports injury management, Brad Walker is the go-to-guy. Disclaimer: The health and fitness information presented on this website is intended as an. The thigh has three sets of strong muscles: the hamstring muscles in the back of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles in the front, and the adductor muscles on the inside. The quadriceps and hamstrings work together to straighten (extend) and bend (flex) the leg. The adductor muscles pull the legs together. Hamstring muscles on the back of the thigh Contusions occur when a direct blow or repeated blows by a blunt object strike part of the body, crushing underlying muscle fibers and connective tissue without breaking the skin. A contusion can result from falling or jamming the body against a hard surface. A contusion may result from a direct blow to a muscle when players collide during sports Hamstring Contusion: Upper thigh pain causes discomfort, especially when the area is touched. If there is stiffness, bruising, and swelling, the pain may be caused by a hamstring contusion. A bruise develops when the muscle is crushed against the thigh bone. Hamstring contusions can range from mild to severe

When warm, you can do some gentle stretching of the legs and hips. Try doing a quadriceps stretch by lying on your belly and pulling your foot up toward your buttocks until you feel a stretch... This simple dynamic stretch involves standing in one spot while you swing your legs as part of a warm-up. It targets your inner thighs, hips, and glutes. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart...

How to Treat a Deep Thigh Contusion - Wound Care Societ

  1. Stretching the adductors/inner thigh. 1.Sit on the floor and extend your legs in front of your body. 2.Bend your knees and place your feet together, side by side, flat on the floor. 3. Place your hands on your calves (see photo A) 3. Slowly let your knees fall open to each side and slide the soles of your feet together
  2. Muscle sprains and strains Sprains and strains can affect any of the many muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the thigh. A sprain is a torn or stretched ligament. Ligaments connect bones to other..
  3. If you enjoy the feeling of stretching your muscles post-exercise, Dr. Giordano says to perform your inner thigh stretches with slightly longer holds and to never stretch into painful ranges. You..
  4. Safe stretching: Stretching improves flexibility and prevents injuries in the future. When you stretch, only go as far as you don't feel pain. Hold the position for a maximum of 25 seconds. Make sure you breathe deeply while you stretch. Seated straddle stretch. This stretch targets the whole thigh muscles
  5. Reach one leg back and put the top of that foot flat on the top of the bench or chair. Drop your back knee down to the ground and keep the other foot planted in front of you. Keep your torso tall and lean back toward your back leg to increase the stretch. If you still don't feel a stretch, raise your arms overhead and lean back

You can also do side lunges, stretching your left inner thigh by taking a wide step with your right foot, bending your right knee, hinging forward slightly from the hips, and pushing your bottom back. Hold this position for a few seconds to get a good stretch before you switch legs to stretch your right inner thigh The adductor muscle group, more commonly referred to as the groin, is a set of five muscles that brings your leg in towards the center of your body.With most of the adductors, one end of the muscle is attached to the pubic bone; the other attaches on or near the thigh bone (femur).. There are two exceptions. They are: The hamstring part of the adductor magnus starts at the sitting bone

This routine will go over; stretching your glutes, quads, and hamstrings. When we are training for sport-specific flexibility poses such as the front splits, the adductors, and ITB band are generally not targeted, and remain tight. These 21 stretches will stretch all the muscle groups in the leg and are beginner-friendly. Discomfort In the Leg Pull the foot of the injured leg towards your buttock until you can feel a gentle stretch on the front of the thigh. To increase the stretch, tilt your hips backwards. Hold for 20-30 seconds and repeat 3 times. Do this at least 3 times a day For a good hamstring stretch, sit on the floor with one leg straight out and the other bent. Lean towards the straight leg, rotating at the hips. You should feel the stretch in the back of the thigh. Hold that for 30 seconds. Switch legs and repeat The quadriceps is a large group of muscles in the front of the thigh that straighten out the knee, the opposite action from the hamstrings. Quadriceps strain is a common injury in runners. However, it also may occur during a strenuous leg press at the gym. The pain of a quadriceps strain is felt in the front of the thigh Grade 1: In dead leg of grade 1 contusion of quadriceps, patient has tightness in his/her thigh and will limp while walking. The swelling is very mild and so is the pain. Patient has almost complete range of motion upon stretching. Grade 2: In dead leg of grade 2 contusion of quadriceps, the patient is not able to walk properly and limps when walking. . Patient will experience bouts of pain.

Stretches to Prevent Injury . Athletes who sustain a groin strain will want to incorporate a stretching program as part of their rehabilitation. Some simple stretches can help ease the symptoms of a groin strain. Furthermore, stretching can be a useful part of preventing groin injuries from occurring Strain injuries of the quadriceps may present with an obvious deformity such as a bulge or defect in the muscle belly. Ecchymosis may not develop until 24 h after the injury. Palpation of the anterior thigh should include the length of the injured muscle, locating the area of maximal tenderness and feeling for any defect in the muscle

Thigh Stretches - For Sports Inury Rehabilitation & Prevention. Education Details: Front thigh stretches These stretching exercises are some of the most recognised and commonly used stretches and are especially important for recovering from quadriceps strains and thigh contusions. They stretch the four quadriceps muscles (vastus medialis, › Verified 5 days ag Hold 20 to 30 seconds. Repeat times/leg. 18. Inner Thigh Stretch. Sit on the floor with knees bent, soles of feet against each other. Use your forearms to give gentle stretching pressure against inner thigh of each leg. Hold 20 to 30 seconds. Repeat times/leg. 19. Hip Internal Rotator Stretch. Lay on your back with leg to be stretched in bent. Home » Stretching » Thigh Stretching Exercises The following exercise will stretch and mobilise the thigh muscles. Click on the links below to see more detail on muscles stretched, teaching points, variations, and related injuries Using these therapies (on a regular basis, as suggested in the product instructions and under the guidance of your doctor) will boost the effectiveness of your stretching (providing long-lasting benefits), and lessen the chance and/or severity of joint degeneration, muscular atrophy, re-injury or other leg pain during your recovery process

A contusion is an injury that results from a direct blow and may vary in severity from mild to severe. In the thigh, the quadriceps muscles are most likely to suffer a contusion, causing thigh pain also known as a charley horse. Symptoms of a thigh contusion include pain, tightness in the area where the blow occurred, swelling and visible bruising The groin is most commonly defined as the area that is located between the abdomen and the thigh, and it wraps around the pelvic bone. This is the central locus of the body where movement is concerned, and this is why an injury here can knock you off your feet for days or potentially weeks. Whenever you are doing anything strenuous (or even if you're just waking up and doing some light. Do not stretch injured muscles right after your injury. Ask your healthcare provider when and how you may safely stretch after your injury. Gentle stretches can help increase your flexibility. Do not massage the area or put heating pads on the bruise right after your injury. Heat and massage may slow healing Stretching keeps the muscles flexible, strong, and healthy, which is needed to maintain a range of motion in the joints. Without it, the muscles shorten and become tight. Then, when muscles are called on for activity, they are weak and unable to extend all the way. That increases the risk for joint pain, strains, and muscle damage. If possible one should stretch daily, focusing on the lower. 1. Thigh Injuries. The thigh can be injured when exercising, in the event of an accident, or even as a result of a simple fracture. As a matter of fact, fractures are major causes of the condition. Additionally, sprain in the muscle on the front thigh can lead to the condition. It is good to note that injuries that cause front thigh pain can be.

Ease tension, relieve tightness, and lessen knee pain by adding these iliotibial band, or IT band, stretches to your regular mobility routine. The post 3 Best IT Band Stretches to Help Relieve. An inner and outer hip + thigh workout to stretch, strengthen, and tone the entire core, including the pelvic floor.Want a safe + balanced TOTAL BOOTY WORKOU.. The quadriceps, or quads for short, is the muscle group in the front of your thigh.You use these muscles when you walk, run, or do lunges. To stretch your quads: Stand with your side to the wall. Do stretch to a point where you feel mild tension and relax as you hold the stretch. No Bouncing Performing ballistic stretches or bouncing during stretches can increase your risk of injury. This type of stretching is not recommended. Relax Do breathe slowly, rhythmically and under control

ANTERIOR THIGH PAIN | Tedavi Hareketleri ve Sporcu

Go ahead and get your stretching friend right now. We're going to do one part of the hamstring stretch test. Have your friend lift your leg like they're stretching your hamstring. Then, when you're feeling a good stretch in any location, have them push the ball of your foot down about 1″ (like in the image below), nothing more. Hamstring stretch. To stretch your hamstring muscles, extend one leg out in front of you and then lean forward until you feel the stretch in the back of your thigh. Repeat with the other leg. Don't bounce. The initial goal of treatment is to reduce pain and swelling. To accomplish this, your doctor may recommend that you do the following Hamstring Stretch. Place one leg on a low stool with your hips and feet facing forward. Lean forward from your hips, keeping your back flat and knee straight until you feel a stretch in the back of your thigh. Stretching your hamstrings helps prevent injuries while running

Thigh Strain Exercises - Sports Injury Rehabilitatio

3. Figure Four Stretch Sit on a chair in an upright position aligning shoulders over hips. C ross your right ankle above your left knee in a figure four position. To increase the stretch gently press down on the right knee holding the stretch for up to 2 minutes. Repeat on the opposite side. Conservative Care in the First Few Days. Within the first few days of an acute flare-up of sciatica. In this video Melissa shows you how to safely and effectively stretch your Inner Thigh (Groin).Stretching this region can help reduce pain and improve hip mo.. Caused by pressure on the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, meralgia paresthetica (MP) may cause tingling, numbness, and a burning pain in the outer part of your thigh. It typically occurs on one. Symptoms. A hamstring injury typically causes a sudden, sharp pain in the back of your thigh. You might also feel a popping or tearing sensation. Swelling and tenderness usually develop within a few hours. You may also experience bruising or discoloration along the back of your leg, as well as muscle weakness or an inability to put weight on. Place a yoga block, pillow or folded blanket under bent knee for support, if needed. 15. Half-Kneeling Hip Flexor Stretch. half-kneeling. Start in a half-kneeling position, right foot forward and.

One of the most common and troublesome injuries seen in athletics is the hamstring strain. The hamstring is a group of muscles located on the back of the thigh. The main job of the hamstring muscles is to allow the leg to flex (bend) and extend. Hamstring injuries can occur in a number of ways, the most common is through over stretching 2. Stretches. Spinal cord injury patients need to stretch their legs to lengthen tight muscles and maintain range of motion in the hips, knees, and ankles. The video below will demonstrate how individuals with normal arm functions can stretch their legs after a spinal cord injury. All you will need is a strap or resistance band While stretching cannot completely relieve you from muscle pain, quad stretches may temporarily help ease the pressure. You can try these stretches in the office, at home, or at the gym. So let's get into it. Here are the top 9 most effective quads stretches to help you reduce muscle pain after that gruelling workout. 1. Lying Side Quad Stretc The quadriceps, the muscles in front of the thigh, are made up of four muscles; vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, and rectus femoris. The rectus femoris is the one quadriceps muscle that acts as a knee extensor and hip flexor. As such, stretching the front of the thigh can help prevent hip pain and reduce current hip pain

Stretching can lead to more flexible, less injury-prone hamstring muscles. This is particularly true for sports and activities that involve the feet striking the ground when the leg is mostly straight and the body is decelerating or changing direction, like football, soccer, rugby, basketball, track and field, and gymnastics Here are five helpful stretches for leg pain that will help you recover. Start with a brief warm-up before stretching. Once your muscles are warmed up, stretch until you feel slight tension, but do not bounce, as this can cause injury. Hold each stretch for 10 to 30 seconds and repeat two to four times. If you feel any pain, stop the stretch. 1

Lower Leg Contusion|Symptoms|Treatment|Stretching

Quadriceps Contusion (Cork Thigh) Sports Medicine Australi

Stretching Exercises For Sports Performance & Injury

Thigh Contusion Lurie Children'

The Side Lunge leg stretch is another dynamic stretch to help target your inner thighs. Start in a wide-legged stance with your body parallel to the long edge or side of your mat. Parallel your feet. From the standing wide-legged position, bend your right knee and lengthen your left leg. Sit your hips back and hinge your torso forward Here you will find some of the best leg exercises incorporating strengthening, balance and stretching exercises that can help many causes of knee pain. Muscles can get weak and tight over time or after an injury without us really noticing. When this happens, it changes the way the knee moves and how the forces go through the knee which causes pain Knee Sprains and Strains Description: Knee pain is often caused by ligament sprains, muscle strains, or irritated/damaged cartilage. These can be a result of a traumatic injury or stress over time. Injuries: Trauma, falls, or sports injuries can produce forces that tear, over stretch or compress the joint or the soft tissue. Overuse: Advancing too quickly in your sport or activity can. Pull your bent leg toward your opposite shoulder until you feel a stretch in your buttock area. Hold for 30 seconds, and 3 repetitions per side. Pigeon Stretch . This advanced stretch should only be performed in a pain free range. Keep your front leg with the knee at 90 degrees and straight out in front with your back leg straight behind you When the injury occurs, one may feel an abrupt, sharp pain at the back of the thigh or buttocks. A pop sound or sensation. This sudden pain is sometimes accompanied by an audible or palpable pop and a sensation of the leg giving way. 5-8. Difficulty moving and bearing weight. Following a hamstring injury, it may be hard or.

Do not swing your leg aggressively but only lightly with a gradual increase in motion. You will feel your knee and leg loosen. Perform 20 reps on each leg. Standing Quad Stretch. The Standing Quad Stretch is an ideal way to stretch your quadriceps muscle group: vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis, and vastus lateralis Range of movement and stretching program (Day 9 - 21) Do not overstretch into pain. Hold stretches for approximately 20 - 30 seconds and repeat 10 times aiming to complete 2 - 3 sets each day as comfortable. Standing Calf Stretch Stand in a walking position with the leg to be stretched straight behind you and the other leg bent in front of you Strains injure tendons that link muscles and bones. This can happen if your dog stretches too far, too much, or too often. Athletic dogs get strains, but this injury also can happen when a dog slips, falls, or jumps during normal play. In dogs, strains are common in the hips and thighs

Quadriceps Muscle Contusion - Physiopedi

A calf contusion is a condition characterized by a bruise or 'corky' to the back of the lower leg, usually as a result of a direct impact. The muscle group at the back of the lower leg is commonly called the calf. The calf comprises of 2 major muscles one of which originates from above the knee joint (gastrocnemius) the other of which. Runner's knee is a common term to define the pain that you feel around your kneecap (aka the patella). Here are 12 runner's knee exercises and stretches to help you recover, plus additional. These exercises are especially harmful when not performed properly, which can also increase risk of injury. The best exercises that you can do to help improve strength, flexibility, and to improve knee function include partial squats, step-ups, side lying leg lifts, inner-thigh leg lifts, calf-raises, straight leg raises, short-arc leg.

How to Stretch Thigh Muscles: 11 Steps (with Pictures

Muscle Bruises & Contusions - Treatment and Massage Tip

How to Stretch the Back of the Thighs. Tight hamstrings increase your risk of injuries and posture and back problems. Stretching can help keep your hamstrings flexible, which is important because you engage them every time you extend your leg backward and when you bend your knee toward your buttocks. If you're. Tight hamstrings can feel like a stiffness or lack of mobility in the back of your thigh. Running and lifting weights can cause hamstring injuries so it's important to stretch before. Massage and physical therapy can also help loosen tight hamstrings. Visit Insider's Health Reference library for more advice

Meralgia paresthetica causes numbness and or pain in the

Muscle Strains in the Thigh - OrthoInfo - AAO

Follow along in this video as Mike shows you proper hamstring stretching techniques! What Are The Hamstrings? The hamstrings are a group of three muscles that include: the biceps femoris (long head), semimembranosus, and semitendinosus. All three muscles of the posterior thigh originate from the ischial tuberosity (sit bone) of the hip and insert into either the tibia or fibula at the knee Grab your left foot with your left hand and gently lift it off the floor, bending the knee until you feel a good stretch in the front of the thigh. Hold. Repeat on the other side. Prone quad. Stretching. We are often told that muscles are too tight on one side and need to be stretched or lengthened in order to correct the leg length discrepancy. The problem is they are not following a scientific, research based approach. If they were, they would know that stretching a muscle will never increase the length of a shorter bone, or.

Muscle Contusion (Bruise) - OrthoInfo - AAO

Stretching in the correct way can be hugely beneficial to TFL injury and can help speed up the healing process. You need to make sure that the stretches that you do have correct form and are done in the right way. Check out the video below for some useful TFL stretches done in the right way Thigh Muscle Strain Injury & Football . Thigh Muscle Strain Injury Explained. In sports like football where kicking is a regular activity, Thigh muscle strain is a common occurrence. This injury is a result of a tear in the Quadriceps muscle group Soft-tissue injuries fall into two basic categories: acute injuries and overuse injuries. Acute injuries are caused by a sudden trauma, such as a fall, twist, or blow to the body. Examples include sprains, strains, and contusions. Overuse injuries occur gradually over time when an athletic or other activity is repeated so often that areas of. A pulled groin—also known as a groin strain or sprain—occurs when the muscles in the inner thigh get overstretched or torn. 1 This can happen when they contract too quickly during activities such as running, jumping, or changing direction. 1 Although a pulled groin is a common injury among athletes, it can happen to anybody. Though this injury can be quite painful, it usually heals on its.

Thigh Pain - The Complete Injury Guide - Vive Healt

Take the ends of the rope and pull them to the outside of your leg. Lock your knee, and using your outer thighs, extend your left leg out, leading with your heel. Keep slight tension on the rope When stretching, only stretch until you notice a gentle pressure. To avoid the risk of injury, do not push the muscles past this point, but keep at it regularly, and you should be able to go. The inside leg is pushed into the wall for a 5-second hold. How to Stretch the IT Band. Don't! With regards to stretching, the IT band itself will not be very happy with it for two reasons: First, it is not a stretchy tissue. Its stiffness is more in line with a car tire than a rubber band. This stretch provides a safe, gentle way to get a nice deep stretch in the front of your thigh. It targets your hips, quads, back, glutes, and abdominals. Lie on your left side, resting your head. The Iliotibial tract band - IT band - is a long ligament that runs down the outside of your upper leg. This band of tissue connects to the hip via the tensor fascia latae (TFL) and the gluteus maximus and to the knee via the tibialis anterior and the peroneus longus ().The IT band helps to stabilize and move the knee joint, and tightness or inflammation of this band can lead to problems.

Dead Leg | Common Injuries | Physio and Sport

Pulled Quad: Symptoms and Treatmen

The groin is the general term used to name the spot where the legs connect to the pelvis. The muscles that make-up the groin include the hip adductors (inner thigh), the hip flexors (front of thigh), and to some degree, the hip extensors (back of the thigh, your hamstrings and glutes), explains Erin Abell, D.P.T. a physical therapist with Pure. Here Are Some Hamstring Injury Exercises That Can Help Hamstring Recovery: Standing Hamstring Stretch: Place the heel of your injured leg on a low stool. Keep the leg straight as you lean forward until you feel the back of your thigh stretch. Hold this pose for 15 to 30 seconds and then repeat 3 or 4 times Warm up your body -- especially your thigh muscles -- before stretching; working cold muscles can result in injury. Run, walk or cycle, for example, for 10 minutes. Follow the cardio with a 10-to-12 repetition set each of lunges and squats to activate the lower-body muscles Iliotibial band stretch. Standing. Cross one leg in front of the other leg and bend down and touch your toes. You can move your hands across the floor toward the front leg and you will feel more stretch on the outside of your thigh on the other side. Hold this position for 15 to 30 seconds. Return to the starting position. Repeat 3 times Lying down and propping your leg on a few pillows can encourage blood and lymph flow away from the leg, reducing swelling. Time Frame When you experience a hamstring injury, you should continue anti-inflammatory treatments for at least 48 to 72 hours to allow the muscles sufficient time to begin the healing process

How to Stretch Your Inner Thighs: Benefits and Examples of

To recap: Dynamic stretching for 3-5 minutes. Choose 2-3 of the exercises below. Accompany your quad work with 1-2 hamstrings exercises. Perform 2-3 times per week. Do 8-12 reps and 2-3 sets of each exercise. For cardio, choose one of the quad-friendly cardio options below. Do 2-3 of the quad stretches afterward Buy Vive Proflex Strap - Physical Therapy Leg Lifter Assist with Nylon Webbing for Recovery, Stretching - Loop with Hand Grips - Lift Foot, Calf - Rigid for Elderly, Handicapped, Injury, Car and Bed on Amazon.com FREE SHIPPING on qualified order 1 Upper-Thigh Foam Rolling Stretch Emily Schiff-Slater Why it helps: Foam rolling is a nice way to relax the adductor muscle group, which attaches into the groin, to allow for more relaxed. Direct injury (trauma) Prolonged pressure on the nerve; Compression, stretching, or entrapment of the nerve by nearby parts of the body or disease-related structures (such as a tumor or abnormal blood vessel) The femoral nerve can also be damaged from any of the following: A broken pelvis bone; A catheter placed into the femoral artery in the groi

Contusion of the Lower Leg | Symptoms and treatment

Overview of Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries. The medial collateral ligament, commonly referred to as the MCL, is a ligament located along the inner side of the knee. The MCL stretches from the thighbone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia) and helps to stabilize the inner (or medial) part of the knee. While several other ligaments and tendons. AmazeFan Leg Stretcher, 3 Bar Leg Split Stretching Machine, Flexibility Stretching Equipment for Ballet, Yoga, Dance, Martial Arts, MMA, Home Gym Exercise(2020 Upgrade) 4.4 out of 5 stars 974 $29.99 $ 29 . 9 Leg pain is a common symptom of injury or disease affecting the blood vessels, nerves, muscles, joints, soft tissues, or bones. Many home remedies can help, but consult a doctor about sudden. The length of time it takes to recover from a hamstring strain or tear will depend on how severe the hamstring injury is. A minor muscle pull or strain (Grade 1 hamstring injury) may take a few days to heal, whereas it could take weeks or months to recover from a muscle tear (Grade 2 or 3 hamstring injury) and you'll be unable to resume training or play sport during this time There is pain on walking and the injury will be confirmed by pain on stretch and contraction of the muscle. A grade two Thigh strain is usually sore to touch and some bruising and swelling will be present. A grade three Thigh strain is a complete rupture of a muscle and is a serious injury Here are a few of the best inner thigh stretches to prevent injuries. Standing Inner Thigh - This move increases your lateral mobility. Seated Hip - This is an excellent move to help maintain hip mobility. Windshield Wipers - A move for the torso, inner, and outer leg that keeps you flexible. Also tones obliques